GUIDING QUESTION: What makes a good sport?
The purpose of physical education is to provide students the opportunity to acquire the skills needed to make positive decisions about a healthy, physically active lifestyle. This achieved through the medium of movement – regardless of innate and learned abilities, culture, or gender. A student’s growth and development is guided through quality participation in the psychomotor, cognitive and affective domains of learning.
THREE MAJOR DOMAINS OF LEARNING AND OUTCOMES
1) Psychomotor: Physical education includes the development of all physical skills. Physical education promotes the opportunities to develop skills through the application of physiological and biomechanical principles. Motor and fitness skills are developed and provide students with the skills necessary for continued participation in leisure and recreational activities.
- Demonstrate body control and basic movement patterns
- Demonstrate the ability to move safely and efficiently through space
- Demonstrate the ability to respond to visual, auditory, and tactile cues
- Demonstrate the ability to objects safely and efficiently
- Demonstrate the ability to receive objects safely and efficiently
- Demonstrate the ability to strike object with body parts safely and efficiently
- Demonstrate the ability to strike objects with other objects safely and efficiently
- Demonstrate the components of physical fitness.
2) Cognitive: Physical education includes knowledge, understanding, and application of information necessary for choosing activities the promote a healthy lifestyle. Physiological, biomechanical, and social principles provide a foundation for movement. Through individual and group activities, one acquires skills in problem solving, decision making, and creativity. Knowledge of language, rules, strategies, and etiquette are taught and emphasized at all levels. Through various activities the student is exposed to cultural knowledge and the history of some activities.
- Apply the principles of effective thinking to movement
- Use basic processes to solve movement problems
- Demonstrate knowledge of language associated with movement
- Demonstrate knowledge of physiological principles and relate them to movement
- Demonstrate knowledge of the mechanics of movement
- Demonstrate knowledge of safety principles
3) Affective: Physical education includes the social aspects of learning. Skills essential for positive group interaction and communication are an integral part of the program. Development of self-respect and respect of others is emphasized at all levels. Learning from the experiences of success and failure, good sportsmanship, fair play, and competitive and cooperative actions are high priorities.
- Model equitable and ethical behavior toward others
- Recognize and respect individual similarities and differences
- Experience challenges and enjoyment through physical movement
AREAS OF INTERACTION
Approaches to Learning
Physical education provides opportunities for all types of learners to be successful. Instruction is given visually through demonstrations, through verbal instructions, and kinesthetically by allowing the students to experience and practice the movements and activities being taught. This allows students learn how they learn best.
The environment has a major impact on physical activity. Temperature, wind speed and direction, playing surface, size of playing area, equipment, and the other people playing the game are factors in how successful the activity will be. Students, along with modified activity rules, will learn how to adjust their game strategies and physical activity based on environmental conditions.
Health and Social Education
One of the main objectives of physical education is to promote a healthy lifestyle and learn how to work not only as an individual but as a team. Many of the activities students will learn not only reinforces positive social skills, but are activities that can be used well into their adult years.
Community and Service
There are many opportunities to use the knowledge and skills learned in physical education. Youth and high school sports are always looking for people to help keep stats, be scorekeepers and especially at youth levels to teach sports and games.
Many games and sports involve creativity. They require a person or people to design the game, make rules, come up with strategies and improvise during the game. Creativity is encouraged and emphasized to strategize before and during games. Students will learn the history of some sports and have the opportunity research and design their own games.